Published: Sat, May 26, 2018
Medical | By Marta Holmes

Young Women Are More Likely To Get Lung Cancer Than Men

Young Women Are More Likely To Get Lung Cancer Than Men

Reversing a historic trend, rates of lung cancer among younger white and Hispanic women have surpassed those of men - and the change can not be fully explained by gender differences in smoking behavior, researchers said Wednesday. According to published information, in the past lung cancer in the majority of cases occurred in men, however, at the present time, the situation is reversed, as women born in the 60's - 70-ies of the last century, are more likely to develop this deadly disease.

The new study, a collaboration between the American Cancer Society and the National Cancer Institute, offers a mix of both positive and negative results. The findings obtained during the research have been disclosed in the New England Journal of Medicine on Wednesday.

Women are now at a greater risk of lung cancer than men, despite historical trends that say otherwise.

The CDC found that cigarette smoking causes up to 90% of lung cancers.

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In the USA, roughly 121,680 men and 112,350 women in total were diagnosed with lung cancer in 2017, with 83,550 men and 70,500 women dying from the disease.

" It is a little frightening", stated Giovino, who was not associated with the research study however has actually investigated lung cancer rates. Secondhand smoke has not been found to be any more potent to women than men.

For the new study, the researchers examined the most recent lung cancer data for 1995 through 2014 as they relate to sex, race or ethnic group, age, year of diagnosis and year of birth.

For example, while smoking prevalence among Hispanic women is much less than among their male counterparts, their lung cancer rate is higher.

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About 85 percent of lung cancer cases in the United States are related to smoking, according to Jemal. The American Cancer Society estimates that more than 234,000 people will be diagnosed in the United States this year, and about 154,000 will die of the disease.

Gary Giovino, a professor and chairman of the Department of Community Health and Health Behavior at the University at Buffalo, said the new study is "very thorough".

Scientists can not explain the gender crossover by just looking at smoking patterns alone. After all, they point out, women don't necessarily smoke more than men.

Researchers can only theorize why this is and are suggesting that more research be conducted to better understand the role gender plays in lung cancer risk.

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It is possible that differences in the types of lung cancer affecting men and women contributed to the trend, the researchers speculate. Has the age of smoking initiation come down more rapidly for women than for men?

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